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                Chapter Definitions

                Article (2)
                The following words and phrases wherever mentioned in this Law shall have the meanings ascribed thereto hereunder unless the context indicates otherwise:
                The Commission : The Securities Commission.
                The Board : The Board of Commissioners of the Commission.
                The Chairman : The Chairman of the Board.
                The Trading Market in Securities: Any organized market or periodic or continuous use of media of public communication to enable trading of securities and financial assets.
                The Market/ Stock Exchange: The Amman Stock Exchange or any Trading Market in Securities licensed by the Commission in accordance with the provisions of this Law.
                Center : The Securities Depository Center.
                Person : A natural or legal person.
                Financial Broker : Any person engaged in the business of buying and selling securities for the account of others.
                Dealer : Any person engaged in the business of buying and selling securities directly for his own account through the Market.
                Investment Trustee : Any legal person engaged in the business of administering and monitoring the management of a client’s investments so as to ensure their conformity with the client’s investment principles and objectives specified in the investment agreement concluded between the client and the Investment Manager.
                Investment Manager : Any person engaged in the business of managing securities portfolios for the account of others, including the management of Mutual Funds.
                Financial Advisor : Any person engaged in the business of providing advice with respect to securities investment to others for a fee, charge or commission.
                Underwriter : Any legal person engaged in the business of administering the issuance and marketing of securities on behalf of the Issuer.
                Financial ServicesCompany: Any legal person engaged in the business of performing services as a financial Broker, Dealer, Investment Trustee, Investment Manager, Financial Advisor, Underwriter, or any combination of these functions, or any other service specified by the Commission pursuant to this Law and the regulations, instructions and decisions issued pursuant thereto.
                Custodian : Any legal person engaged in the business of providing safe custody for securities.
                Licensed Person : Any person licensed by the Commission in accordance with the provisions of this Law.
                Registered Person : Any natural person who is a member of the board of directors or the board of executives, or director, manager or employee of a Financial Services Company, or any person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions at a Financial Broker, Dealer, Investment Trustee, Investment Manager, Financial Advisor, Underwriter or Financial Services Company. The term excludes any person whose functions are solely clerical, supporting services or unrelated to the conduct of any business in securities.
                Issuer : Any legal person issuing or announcing the intention to issue securities.
                Public Issuer : Any Issuer who has filed a prospectus that has become effective with the Commission.
                Public Offer : Any bid for the sale of any security to more than 30 persons of the public, including public issuance and public subscription.
                Public Take-over Bid : Any bid for the purchase or exchange of 40 % or more of the securities of one Issuer.
                Mutual Fund : Aِ fund established under, and operating in accordance with the provisions of this Law and the regulations, instructions and decisions issued pursuant thereto, in order to invest in a portfolio of securities or other financial assets for the purpose of providing professional management of a collective investment on behalf of its shares or investment units holders.
                Investment Company : A company whose principal activity is investing and trading in securities, or one which owns or intends to own more than 50% of its total assets in the form of securities. This does not include banks or insurance companies performing banking or insurance business as such.
                Shared Investment Account: An account that combines the investments of more than one person for the purposes of the account administration.
                Material Fact : Any event or datum that, to a reasonable person, would have an effect in making a decision to buy, hold, sell or dispose of a security.
                Prohibited Act : Any action, practice, scheme, course of conduct, or device forbidden in this Law or the regulations, instructions or decisions issued pursuant thereto.
                Misrepresentation : Any untrue statement of a material fact, or any omission or concealment of a material fact or any other datum required to ensure that a statement made is true and accurate.
                Deception : An act, scheme, device, practice or course of conduct likely to have the effect of misleading others or intended to mislead them.
                Control : The ability to effectively influence, directly or indirectly, the actions and decisions of another person.
                Affiliate : The person who controls another person or is controlled by that other person, or who, together with that person is controlled by the same person.
                Inside Information : Information relating to one or several Issuers or to one or several securities which has not been made public and which, if it were made public, would likely affect the price of any such security. This does not include inferences drawn on the basis of economic and financial studies, research and analysis.
                Insider : A person who possesses Inside Information by virtue of his position or job.
                Trading Contract : A contract on the basis of which securities are purchased and sold.
                Dealing : The registration, issuance, subscription, promotion, marketing, custody, listing, depositing, trading, settlement, purchase from Issuer, public offer or public takeover bid of securities or the financing of dealing therein, or the lending, borrowing, short sale or hypothetication thereof or any other activity approved by the Board.
                Clearance : The process of computing the net rights and obligations of trading counter-parties arising from a trading contract, in order to deliver the securities or
                settle their price payments on the specified settlement date.
                Settlement : The process by which a trading contract is completed with the final, unconditional transfer of securities from the seller to the buyer and the final settlement of price payments in their respect.
                Delivery Versus Payment: A method of settlement according to which the securities are delivered in exchange for price payment.
                The Competent Court : The Amman Court of First Instance.
                Relatives : Husband, wife and under age children.

                Article (3)
                A- The term “Securities” shall mean any ownership, rights or any evidences local or foreign that are commonly recognized as securities and considered as such by the Board.
                B- In particular, the term “Securities” shall include the following:
                1. Transferable and tradable companies shares.
                2. Bonds issued by companies.
                3. Securities issued by the Government, official public institutions, public institutions, or municipalities.
                4. Securities depository receipts.
                5. Shares and investment units of Mutual Funds.
                6. Equity option bonds.
                7. Spot contracts and forward contracts.
                8. Put and call option contracts.
                9. Any right to acquire any of the aforementioned in Subparagraphs (1)-(8) of this Paragraph, subject to Board approval.

                Article (4)
                The following shall not be deemed as securities:
                A- Commercial papers including cheques and bills of exchange;
                B- Documentary credits, transfers and instruments exclusively traded among banks;
                C- Insurance policies and entitlements in pension funds for beneficiaries which are financed by other than the contributions.

                Article (5)
                Every Issuer in the Kingdom shall submit to the Commission an application for registering securities therewith in accordance with the instructions issued by the
                Board.

                Article (6)
                Notwithstanding what is stated in any other legislation, the provisions stipulated in this Law and the regulations, instructions and decisions issued pursuant thereto shall apply to company shares and other traded securities on the Market with respect the following matters:
                A- The rights of the parties arising out of the sale, purchase or transfer of securities;
                B- The method and specific form of registration of ownership rights and the legal effects thereof;
                C- The transfer of ownership rights and the rights arising from such transfer;
                D- The rights of the parties involved in the clearing, settlement and transfer;
                E- The rights of the creditors of the trading contract counter-parties arising during the process of the sale, purchase or transfer of securities including the rights relating to the securities and the monetary equivalents thereto.
                F- The conclusion and documentation of trading contracts and means of their proof and cancellation.
                G- The dealing in securities.





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